8 Tips to Stop and Prevent a Nosebleed

Stop a nosebleed within 20 minutes with these simple tips. Also, learn about how you can prevent future nosebleeds.


Bleeding from the nose is common and rarely serious. In fact, many adults, and children between the ages 3 to 10 have occasional episodes of nosebleeds. Though a non-serious condition, a nosebleed may seem scary and the sight of blood can be distressing to some individuals.

In this article, you will understand causes of nosebleeds, risk factors, and steps to stop and prevent bleeding.

What is a nosebleed?

In simple terms, a nosebleed is bleeding from either single or both nostrils. Most cases of nosebleeds involve only one nostril and such is generally harmless. However, bleeding from both nostrils can be more serious and cause loss of large amounts of blood.

The inside of the nose is covered by a moist layer which is richly supplied with blood vessels. For this reason, any injury or even a scratch can tear off the small blood vessels leading to bleeding. Blood from the nose can run down the back of the nose into the throat.

Depending on the site of bleeding, nosebleeds may be broadly classified into two types. They are:

  • Anterior nosebleed. In this type, bleeding occurs due to ruptured blood vessels that lie in the front part of the nose.
  • Posterior nosebleed. This type of nosebleed is more serious and involves blood vessels in the back part of the nose.

What are the causes and risk factors of nosebleeds?

In most cases, the common cause of nosebleeds is an injury that disrupts the tiny blood vessels inside the nose. Activities like nose picking and forceful blowing are the most common culprits. However, many other factors can also increase the risk. Risk factors include:

  • Dry air. Continuous exposure to extreme temperatures and dry air can take away moisture from the moist layer that covers the inside of the nose. If you pick or scratch the dry layer, it may cause bleeding.
  • Certain medications, especially cold and flu medications, can also dry out the moist layer and increase the risk of bleeding.
  • Presence of foreign object or irritants in the nose. Exposure to cigarette smoke, sulfuric acid fumes, ammonia, gasoline, or other chemical irritants significantly increases the risk of bleeding.
  • Allergy of the respiratory tract.
  • Repeated sneezing.
  • Cold air. Nosebleeds occur more commonly during seasonal changes when the air is cold and dry.
  • Medications that interfere with blood clotting mechanisms such as aspirin and prescription blood thinners may also cause bleeding.
  • In some individuals, medical conditions like high blood pressure, a bleeding disorder, blood clotting disorder, and cancer can contribute to bleeding.
  • Heavy alcohol consumption. Taking large amounts of alcohol dilates the blood vessels and makes them more prone to bleeding. Moreover, alcohol can also interfere with clotting mechanisms in the body.
  • A deviated septum. The septum is the wall between the two nostrils. If the septum deviates, it affects air flow in the nostrils. Over time, the nostril which gets little air becomes dry and may bleed easily.
  • Dietary supplements like feverfew, garlic, ginger, ginseng and vitamin E can impair proper blood clotting.

Steps to Stop Nosebleeds: Know These Simple Treatment Measures

Most cases of nosebleeds are not serious and you can treat them at home. However, if the bleeding is severe and unresponsive to home remedies, see a doctor right away.

The simple ways to stop nosebleeds are:

  1. Sit up straight and tip your head slightly forward. Make sure not to tilt your head back. Doing so can cause blood to run down the back of your throat. If you swallow the blood, it might cause vomiting. So, if you get blood in your mouth or throat, spit out the blood instead of swallowing.
  2. Pinch the soft part of your nose using your thumb and forefinger. Most nosebleeds occur in the soft part of the nose.
  3. Because cold temperature constricts the blood vessels, you may apply an ice pack to your nose and cheeks.
  4. Continue pinching your nose for at least 10 minutes.
  5. After 10 minutes, release the pressure on the nose and check to see if your nose is still bleeding. If the bleeding persists, pinch for another 10 minutes.
  6. Use a water-based nasal gel or an antiseptic nasal cream inside your nose. You may also use saline for this purpose.
  7. Avoid blowing your nose for at least 12 hours after the bleeding has stopped.
  8. Rest for another few hours, avoiding intense physical activity.

How to Prevent Nosebleeds

Once you have stopped a nosebleed, make sure to reduce the chances of future events of bleeding by:

  • Avoiding forceful nose-blowing.
  • Not picking your nose.
  • Avoiding heavy lifting or other stressful activities quickly after a nosebleed.
  • Sleeping in a position that elevates your head. Use a high pillow.
  • Keeping your nostrils moist by applying a thin layer of a saline- or water-based nasal gel.
  • Avoiding aspirin or other painkillers for at least 3 to 4 days after a nosebleed. Instead, you may use Acetaminophen to relieve pain.
  • Not taking non-prescription allergy medications and decongestants immediately following a nosebleed.
  • Quitting smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke.

Key Takeaways

  • Nosebleeds are common and rarely fatal or life-threatening.
  • Most nosebleeds stop after 20 minutes of applying pressure.
  • If nosebleeds start occurring frequently, talk to your doctor as they could be indicative of some serious underlying causes such as bleeding disorders or even cancer.
  • If the nosebleed is due to injury to the nose caused by a fall or road traffic accident, seek immediate medical attention.



Want To Know More?

To learn more about the tips to stop and prevent nosebleeds, visit http://www.FindaTopDoc.com. Also, gain unlimited access to a myriad of other benefits. Readers can find evidence-based health information with just a click. Driven by the aim to provide authentic information about diseases, drugs, supplements, medical procedures, and lifestyle tips to all its visitors, FindaTopDoc.com and CEO Anthony Casimano allow visitors to read about the best doctors locally. Readers can choose the doctor that best meets their unique health needs, and request to schedule an appointment instantly.


Nurse Fatigue: Know the Consequences and Remedies

“The greatest heroes are those who do their duty in the daily grind of domestic affairs whilst the world whirls as a maddening dreidel” –Florence Nightingale

Nurse Fatigue

No doubt, a nurse is a hero. But even a hero needs regular breaks in order to serve the people. Physical and mental fatigue take a toll on the health of a nurse. Moreover, this increases the risk of medical errors which in turn puts patient safety at stake.

According to the statistics in a 2012 report, nurses who had shifts greater than 13 hours did not communicate well with the patients and also failed to provide timely care to them. Consequently, patient satisfaction declined significantly.

Several other studies have also found that nurses working 12 or more hours were 3 times more likely to make an error compared to their counterparts who had 8.5-hours shifts. In another major study, researchers found that more than 40 hours per week increased patient care errors by 46%.

A Quick Overview of Nurse Fatigue

Nurse fatigue refers to an overwhelming sense of tiredness, lack of energy, and a feeling of exhaustion due to impaired physical and/or cognitive functioning. Long and consecutive nurse shifts along with lack of sleep are the main reasons for nurse fatigue.

Luckily, American nurses seem to be getting more rest compared to the ones in other developed countries. For example, a recent survey found that American nurses had 84 minutes more sleep on nonworkdays than work days. Note that this is more than triple the number of British adults and more than double that of other Americans.

Sleep loss can impair decision-making, initiative, integration of information, planning and plan execution, and memory. Most notably, the effects are often subtle and don’t show up until they are very severe. Interestingly, sleep loss is found to have more profound negative impacts on young individuals compared to older people

What Factors Contribute to Nurse Fatigue?

From an organizational point of view, extended work hours are a major contributor to nurse fatigue. In addition, insufficient staffing and excessive workloads also play a key role in promoting fatigue.

What are the Catastrophic Consequences of Nurse Fatigue?

Long and continuous work stress can negatively impact a nurse’s performance. But the ill effects don’t end here. Every member in the link is affected by a nurse fatigue with patient safety taking the top-most concern

  • Nurse fatigue increases the risk of many health conditions in the nurse. According to the American Nurses Association (ANA), when nurses work long hours without breaks or insufficient rest periods, the risk of diseases rises significantly. The diseases include Sleep disturbances, injuries, muscle pain, digestive problems, mood problems, obesity, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, cancer, and reproductive issues.
  • Nurse fatigue increases the risk of motor-vehicle accidents. Sleep loss is the most influential factor for sleep-related vehicle crashes, according to the National Center for Sleep Disorders Research and the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration Expert Panel on Driver Fatigue and Sleepiness. Long hours of wakefulness impairs reaction times, hand-eye coordination and decision-making. In essence, the effects might be similar to driving under the influence of alcohol or drug.
  • Fatigued nurses tend to have a negative perception of their clinical decision. Simply put, you might not like the decision you made during sleepless hours. From a professional point of view, this can be demotivating and lead to a further decline in performance. Because a registered nurse is a critical member of the healthcare team, such negative emotion can result in lower quality of patient care. Moreover, perceived loss of ability to make an optimum clinical decision could lead to stress and anxiety.
  • Nurse fatigue is likely to cut an organization’s revenues. The patients who are looked after by fatigued nurses have very low levels of satisfaction. As a result, the patients don’t recommend their friends or relatives to enroll in the same hospital when they become ill. Understandably, this lack of referral and tarnished brand image are more likely to drive away potential consumers.



Finding Remedies to Relieve Nurse Fatigue and Reduce Its Impacts

Evidence-Based Recommendations

The ANA recommends the following evidence-based steps for enhancing performance and safety and patient outcomes:

  • Employers should include nurse input when designing work schedules and implement a “regular and predictable schedule” that allows nurses to plan for work and personal obligations.
  • Nurses should work no more than 40 hours in a 7-day period and limit work shifts to 12 hours in a 24-hour period, including on-call hours worked.
  • Employers should stop using mandatory overtime as a “staffing solution.”
  • Employers should encourage “frequent, uninterrupted rest breaks during work shifts.”
  • Employers should adopt official policy that gives RNs the “right to accept or reject a work assignment” to prevent risks from fatigue. The policy should be clear that rejecting an assignment under these conditions is not patient abandonment and that RNs will not be retaliated against or face negative consequences for rejecting such an assignment.
  • Employers should encourage nurses to be proactive about managing their health and rest, including getting 7 to 9 hours of sleep per day; manage stress effectively; develop healthy nutrition and exercise habits, and use naps according to employer policy.

Want To Know More?

To learn more about nurse fatigue and its widespread negative impacts, visit http://www.FindaTopDoc.com. Also, gain unlimited access to a myriad of other benefits. Readers can find evidence-based health information with just a click. Driven by the aim to provide authentic information about diseases, drugs, supplements, medical procedures, and lifestyle tips to all its visitors, FindaTopDoc.com and CEO Anthony Casimano allow visitors to read about the best doctors locally. Readers can choose the doctor that best meets their unique health needs, and request to schedule an appointment instantly.


6 Reasons for Rising Healthcare Cost Problems in the US

The problems with rising healthcare cost in the US can be partly attributed to an aging population that has been struggling with the wrath of chronic diseases. Another thing to worry about at this moment is that the GDP growth rate is lagging behind healthcare spending.

u.s. healthcareAccording to a CMS report, healthcare cost will eat up a major share of the GDP at nearly 20% by 2025. In 2015, the amount spent was $3.2 trillion. This is equal to $9,990 per person and 17.8% of the GDP. An increasing overall spending on health and related services is making us poorer but nowhere has it seemed to slow down even after a decade.

In this article, you will learn about 6 major problems that are fueling healthcare cost and their potential solutions. Before we move forward, let’s have a quick look at the projected capital spending on health and related services through 2016-2025.

  • Over the 2016-2025 period, total healthcare spending is expected to outpace the GDP growth rate. Going by the numbers, health spending is projected to grow 1.2 percentage points faster than Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per year over the 2016-25 period. As a result, the health share of GDP is expected to witness a jump from 17.8 percent in 2015 to 19.9 percent by 2025.
  • Presuming the Affordable Care Act (ACA) will last until 2025, the percentage of Americans getting insured is projected to increase from 90.9 percent in 2015 to 91.5 percent in 2025.
  • Interestingly, health spending saw a decline from 5.8 percent in 2015 to 4.8 percent in 2016. The major reason being a temporary setback on the expansion of the Affordable Care Act. In the same period, Medicaid spending growth slowed down from 9.7 percent to 3.7 percent. Likewise, private health insurance spending growth was down to 5.9 percent in 2016 from 7.2 percent in 2015.
  • In 2017, overall spending on health is expected to grow by 5.4 percent. The major driver of this growth is an increased spending in Medicare and private health insurance.

(Source: National Health Expenditure Fact Sheet, CMS.gov)

These Factors are Fueling Healthcare Cost Growth in the US

  1. Uncoordinated healthcare system. In fact, our healthcare system is much unorganized. As a result, overtreatment of a health condition has become a common thing. Take an example, if you have a health condition that requires a medical test, there is a chance that you may have to take the same test several times. Obviously, this is going to create a hole in your pocket. In order to address the problem of overtreatment (or more precisely unnecessary treatment), doctors and medical systems are welcoming electronic health records in their practice, which is a positive sign.
  2. An aging population and burden of chronic illnesses. It is natural that old people are more likely to require frequent healthcare services. But what’s not natural is that many of them are obese and have more than one chronic illness. In fact, about 50 percent of US population has one or more chronic conditions. Most notably, asthma, heart disease, and diabetes. Obesity which affects two-thirds of adults is a key risk factor for all these health conditions. What’s the solution? Shed some pounds, watch your diet and engage in suitable physical activity regularly.
  3. Rising cost of new drugs, technologies, and services. With the advancement of health science, many new drugs, technologies, and services are making their way into the healthcare system. While this is a good thing from most perspectives, you have to pay a hefty amount to leverage the benefits. In order to streamline the cost, you should assess a new treatment’s benefits against the cost. It is necessary because many new treatments are comparable or even less efficient than the existing treatments.
  4. Limited resources to facilitate the choice of medical care. We have a number of choices when it comes to selecting a health service or treatment. Unfortunately, we lack sufficient information that helps us make a better decision while choosing a medical care. In fact, there is no standard source that informs patients about the cost-effectiveness of a medical service and available options. Consequently, patients often end up paying more for a service which they could have used for a lesser amount.
  5. The monopoly of hospitals and providers. Big hospitals and medical insurers command a high level of authority when serving the patients. Mergers and acquisitions in thehealthcare industry are, no doubt, a good thing if you consider increased efficiency and better care. But the increasing control of big organizations can backfire as well. As a result, they have a tighter control over the healthcare cost and patients are left with fewer options.
  6. Uncertainty about the illness. Many illnesses that have vague symptoms or long-lasting nature are yet another reason why the healthcare cost is skyrocketing. If you and your doctor are not sure about the illness, you will have to take multiple tests and procedures that will ultimately add numbers to the bill. In another common practice called defensive medicine, doctors order multiple tests in an attempt to protect themselves from possible legal problems.



Want To Know More?

To learn more about therising healthcare cost problem in the US, visit http://www.FindaTopDoc.com. Also, gain unlimited access to a myriad of other benefits. Readers can find evidence-based health information with just a click. Driven by the aim to provide authentic information about diseases, drugs, supplements, medical procedures, and lifestyle tips to all its visitors, FindaTopDoc.com and CEO Anthony Casimano allow visitors to read about the best doctors locally. Readers can choose the doctor that best meets their unique health needs, and request to schedule an appointment instantly.


5 Diseases Caused by Obesity: Explore the Links and Solutions

Here’s how obesity can lead to a plethora of diseases. Also, learn how to lose weight.


Obesity is a public health problem in many parts of the world. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports about 36.5% of adults are obese. Obesity has been linked to a number of preventable causes of death. For example, type 2 diabetes, certain types of cancer, gallstone, stroke, and osteoarthritis.

In this article, we will explore the link between obesity and these diseases. In addition, we will also look at solutions to reduce weight.

What is Obesity and What are the Diseases Caused by Obesity?

Obesity is a condition in which an individual’s weight lies above the healthy range. Generally, obesity is measured using a tool called Body Mass Index (BMI). BMI indicates the amount of fat present in your body. Thus, higher BMI means you have more fat in your body.

The normal range of healthy BMI is 18.5 to 24.9 for adults older than 20 years. If your BMI is 30 or higher, you are obese. Note that another related term overweight is slightly different. A person is considered overweight if his/her BMI lies between 25 and 29.9.

Various studies have found that having those extra layers of fat increases the risk of many chronic conditions. These include:

  • Heart disease and stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Some types of cancer
  • gallstones
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gout
  • Breathing problems, such as sleep apnea which causes the person to have spells of breathlessness while asleep and asthma.

5 Diseases to Look Out for In Obese Individuals

  1. Type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, a person’s cells become unable to utilize available insulin. Remember that this is not similar to type 1 diabetes where a person’s pancreas produces no insulin at all. There is a direct link between obesity and this type of diabetes. Recent studies have shown that being obese increases low-grade inflammation in the body and higher oxidative stress. When the inflammation persists for longer durations, it negatively impacts how they utilize insulin. Moreover, chronic inflammation and prolonged oxidative stress impair the function of the cells that secrete insulin.
  2. Cancer. There is a well-known link between obesity and cancers of the colon, breast (following menopause), kidney, esophagus, and pancreas. While scientists are yet to conclude if obesity is a cause or risk factor for these cancers, they believe that most of these cancers could be caused by long-term inflammation. When inflammation persists for longer periods, the levels of inflammatory chemicals in the blood rise. As a result, there occur some changes in the DNA which could lead to cancer.
  3. Gallstone. Gallstones are hard solid particles that form in the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small organ which is a part of the biliary system. It plays a major role in the storage of bile produced by the liver and thus helps in fat digestion. Gallstones can develop in various sizes and forms. For example, the stone could be a large single piece or could include several tiny stones. Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of gallstones. It is because the obese individuals have higher amounts of cholesterol in their bile, which can promote stone formation. Keep in mind that gallstones are made of bile cholesterol and bilirubin.
  4. Stroke. A stroke is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition in which the blood supply to a certain part of the brain is reduced or interrupted. As a result, the brain cells do not get nutrients and oxygen and begin to die immediately. The link between obesity and stroke risk is very clear. Here’s how it goes. When you are obese, the levels of free fatty acids in your bloodstream rise. When these fat molecules travel through the vessels that supply to the brain, they may interfere with the blood flow. The risk skyrockets if you are a smoker and have high blood pressure, which is likely in most cases.
  5. Osteoarthritis (OA). Also called degenerative joint disease, OA is a chronic condition that affects the joints. In most cases, it affects the joints in the knees, hips, lower back and neck, and also small joints of the fingers and the bases of the thumb and big toe. It is a major cause disability and limited movement in older adults. Obesity increases the risk and complications of OA by two ways. First, being obese means you have higher levels of inflammatory chemicals in your blood. These chemicals can damage cartilage, the tough yet flexible cushion of tissues between the bones in a joint. Second, obesity increases load on the weight-bearing joints such as ankles, knees, and hips.

Tips to Overcome Obesity and the Risk of Diseases

There is no one-size-fits-all theory for dramatic weight loss. Before you enroll in any weight-loss program, make sure to keep realistic expectations and achievable targets.

The following list consists of general guidelines to follow when you are chasing your weight-loss dream.

  1. Eat a healthy diet that consists of whole grains, lean meats, healthy fats, nuts, fruits, and vegetables.
  2. Stay away from empty calories like soda or chips.
  3. Keep a food diary to track eating habits.
  4. Replace unhealthy foods with healthy substitutes.
  5. Exercise regularly.
  6. Obesity could result due to hormone imbalance or other diseases that affect your hormone levels. If you suspect you have any such cause, consult your doctor.
  7. Talk to a nutritionist to get a customized diet plan.
  8. A type of surgery called bariatric surgery may be an option if you are excessively obese and other weight loss measures have proven ineffective.
  9. Never take a supplement or enroll in a diet plan without first consulting your doctor.



Want To Know More?

To learn more about the diseases caused by obesity and their solutions, visit http://www.FindaTopDoc.com. Also, gain unlimited access to a myriad of other benefits. Readers can find evidence-based health information with just a click. Driven by the aim to provide authentic information about diseases, drugs, supplements, medical procedures, and lifestyle tips to all its visitors, FindaTopDoc.com and CEO Anthony Casimano allow visitors to read about the best doctors locally. Readers can choose the doctor that best meets their unique health needs, and request to schedule an appointment instantly.



Preparing for an Annual Check-up? Use These Tips

An annual check-up can save you from a disease or its complications. Use these tips to make your visit more fruitful.


An annual check-up is a great way to know if your health is in good condition or not. You have probably heard that “prevention is better than cure”. The quote makes perfect sense when we are talking about an issue as sensitive as health. But before you make up your mind to visit a physician, you should prepare yourself about how you can make the conversation short, sweet and productive.

Why Do You Need an Annual Check-up?

It’s not that you should visit a physician only when you are critically ill or have some painful conditions. No doubt, these acute and in some cases, emergency conditions warrant a visit. But you should also visit the physician even when everything with your body feels OK.

Remember that many insidious health conditions can wreak havoc on your health without providing a slight hint. For example, your body might be struggling with elevated blood sugars and you may not realize that you are having an early stage of diabetes called prediabetes. If you consult a physician, they will be able to halt the progression into full-blown diabetes. In a similar manner, taking periodic screen tests can save you from cancer.

In recent years, the necessity of annual check-ups has increased significantly due to the fact that many chronic conditions are on the rise. Visiting your physician regularly also helps to maintain appropriate patient support and can decrease the overall burden of disease.

8 Ways to Prepare for an Annual Check-up

  1. Assess your health every day. You are wrong if you think only your physician should assess your health. It’s your health and you are the most responsible for keeping it in good condition rather than your physician. Make a list of the conditions you had in the past and present (if any), keep a diary of your food and sleep habits, and also list the factors that seem to exacerbate your symptoms. For example, consuming certain foods can cause allergy or stomach problems. Such a list will greatly help to shorten the visit and make it more likely to address your specific health needs.
  2. Prepare a check-up checklist before visiting a physician. The checklist should contain general and specific information about your family medical history, smoking history, types, and number of surgeries, list of medications, immunizations, and allergies. You can also add additional information like recent life events and questions to ask the physician.
  3. Communicate better. Yes, effective communication is a key determinant of a successful doctor visit. When it comes to a check-up, nothing is more important than verbal communication. That said, you should be able to speak up what you want to and explain your condition, expectations, and problems. If you have any communication problems, such as introverted nature or speech difficulties, make sure to take a friend or family member along with you.
  4. Make maximum use of technology. We are in an era when the technological advancements have scaled unimaginable heights. Why not use it for a check-up? It’s simple and you don’t have to be a techie to use simple mhealth apps. Make the most of these health apps. In addition, ask if your doctor has a blog or an app where you may find health and lifestyle tips, symptoms checkers, online appointment facilities. Active users of such health technologies are more likely to benefit from annual check-ups than non-users.


www.FindaTopDoc.com is a great site to find evidence-based health information with just a click. Driven by the aim to provide authentic information about diseases, drugs, supplements, medical procedures, and lifestyle tips to all its visitors, FindaTopDoc.com and CEO Anthony Casimano allow visitors to read about the best doctors locally. Readers can choose the doctor that best meets their unique health needs, and request to schedule an appointment instantly.

  1. Learn enough about your condition and medications. No, we are not asking you to be an expert about your health or diseases. After all, it’s your doctor’s job. But you should gather enough information about your health and medications from reputable online and printed sources. That way, you can actively participate in your treatment program.
  2. Record your conversation. Sounds weird? Maybe, but recording your conversation helps a lot in accessing the missed details. At your home, you can replay the conversation and listen carefully if you have any confusion about your condition and treatment procedures
  3. Keep a close eye on your doctor’s behavior and schedule. For effective communication and optimal treatment outcomes, it is critically important that you and your physician spend a considerable amount of time conversing with each other. Take a note if he/she is too bossy or does not give much importance to what you are trying to explain. Remember a trust-based patient-doctor relationship goes a long way in enhancing the quality of patient care. If you think the physician is not a good fit, you can try a new oneon your next visit.
  4. Make a quick checklist before the visit. Include the following information/questions/reports in the checklist.
  • Visiting for the first time? Take copies of medical records.
  • Medications, vitamins, and supplements you’re taking.
  • Information about recent medical tests, procedures, and surgeries.
  • The names and contact details of other doctors you have seen in the past or are seeing currently.
  • A list of questions to ask.
  • A diary that consists of most frequent and distressful symptoms.

Want To Know More?

To learn more about annual check-up on physician and tips to optimize the visit, visit http://www.FindaTopDoc.com. Also, gain unlimited access to a myriad of other benefits. Readers can find evidence-based health information with just a click. Driven by the aim to provide authentic information about diseases, drugs, supplements, medical procedures, and lifestyle tips to all its visitors, FindaTopDoc.com and CEO Anthony Casimano allow visitors to read about the best doctors locally. Readers can choose the doctor that best meets their unique health needs, and request to schedule an appointment instantly.

3 Ways Propolis Boosts Health

Propolis, famously known as “bee glue,” is a sticky, waxy substance made by bees said to contain anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties. It is abundant in amino acids, antioxidants known as bioflavonoids, vitamins, minerals and enzymes. Propolis has been used for centuries to enhance the immune system, treat various skin conditions, aid in preventing cancer and treat viral infections such as genital herpes. Propolis can be found in capsule, oral rinse, lozenge, liquid, ointment and cream form.


Immunity Booster

Bee propolis is thought to contain anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties that have the ability to enhance and improve the immune system. In a study published in the August 2010 issue of “Phytotherapy Research,” scientists found propolis can alter or regulate the immune system. During this study, subjects who were given bee propolis showed higher levels of proteins and compounds that play a central role in regulating the immune system.

Anti-Cancer Agent

Bee propolis may have anti-tumor capabilities, making it an alternative treatment or preventative measure for cancer. In a study published in the February 2004 issue of the “American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology,” clinicians found that propolis killed the human breast carcinoma cell known as MCF-7. After participants were given a propolis extract, in just 24 hours, 13 percent of the cancer cells were obliterated. In another study five years later, published in the November issue of “BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine,” researchers found that red bee propolis significantly suppressed the vascular endothelial growth factor, which is often responsible for cancer. Therefore, researchers concluded that bee propolis contains therapeutic compounds that have the potential to prevent and help treat angiogenesis-related human diseases such as cancer.

Natural Antiseptic

Bee propolis, with its active ingredients including flavonoids, phenolic acids, terpenes, amino acids and vitamins, has been used as antiseptic topical ointment for centuries, dating back to the ancient Egyptians. It is proposed that propolis speeds up the healing process and tissue repair of wounds such as cuts, bruises, scrapes and sores. During a study that was published in the September/October 2009 issue of “Wound Repair and Regeneration,” researchers found that in animal testing, a single application of propolis on an epithelial closure speeded up healing.



Of course, there are very different grades of bee propolis, and it is necessary to select your source with some care. We need to ensure enzyme activity along with nutritionally active vitamins and minerals, for the power of propolis to be useful to us in a potential medicinal sense. A nutritionally ‘dead’ product may have some benefit when applied to the skin topically, but as an immune support agent it provides very little. The integrity of the collected substance must maintain flavonoids in their original combination for it to provide some benefits.

Propolis supplements are available in capsule form in health stores and online. Experts advise that you can also purchase propolis as an ointment to treat wounds and infections. Research is still in the preliminary stage, but propolis is emerging as one of the superstar players in a new era of natural and effective cancer cures.

Highest Rates of Obesity States in united status

When it comes to your belly, the state you’re in might have something to do with the state you’re in.Living in the South or the Midwest might be increasing your risk of weight gain. That’s where the states with the highest obesity rates—including Arkansas, West Virginia, North Dakota and Indiana—are located, according to a new report by the Robert Woods Johnson Foundation and Trust for America’s Health. And those aren’t just trivial numbers: when the rate of obesity in your state increases,

OBesity in the U.S.

your own personal risk may increase as well. Recent research at Harvard has shown that your social circle—the folks you interact with on a daily basis—can dramatically impact your own health and fitness. In fact, just having a close friend who becomes obese raises your own risk by 57 percent. (Having a sibling or spouse who’s obese also increases your risk, but to a lesser degree.) In other words, when the folks around you get fat, your own belly starts to expand, too.

Twenty-two states now have obesity rates that top 30 percent, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. And while much of the country is holding steady, obesity rates are growing in five states: Ohio, Minnesota, Kansas, New Mexico and Utah. The editors at Eat This, Not That! magazine took a deeper look at the numbers. Here’s where your state ranked, and what you need to know.

  1. Arkansas [35.9% Obese]

The 29th largest state is unfortunately the #1 biggest. According to the study: “Arkansas’s adult obesity rate is currently 35.9 percent, up from 21.9 percent in 2000 and from 17.0 percent in 1995.” Digging deeper into the stats, Eat This, Not That! sees a whopping 20% of kids aged 10 to 17 are obese in Arkansas, as are 41.7% of adults aged 45-64.

  1. West Virginia [35.7% Obese]

Last year, West Virginia was #1, tied with Mississippi. But don’t think missing the top slot is a victory. Twenty-five years ago, the obesity rate in West Virginia was just 13.7 percent. And West Virginia has the highest rate of diabetes in the entire country, at 14.1 percent.

  1. Mississippi [35.5% Obese]

Down two slots to #3—after tying for first last year—Mississippi is still one of the three states to earn the dubious honor have having an obesity rate over 35%. And says the report: “Mississippi had the highest reported percentage of inactivity among adults at 31.6 percent.”

  1. Louisiana [34.9% Obese]

The sad news here is not only the high ranking, but how much worse it’s expected to get. The state had 69,400 cases of obesity-related cancer in 2010—with a projected 170,092 in 2030. And hypertension rates are expected to soar to 1.1 million by 2030, which would mean ¼ of the current population.

  1. Alabama [33.5% Obese]

Alabama’s obesity rate has been climbing since the 1990s, and you can tell by the adult hypertension rate—40.3%! That’s second in the nation, after West Virginia.

  1. Oklahoma [33.0% Obese]

The Sooner state might improve its ranking sooner than others, thanks to local health initiatives, including a grant announced in August to bring more doctors into rural areas, and an award from the Obama administration providing funding for health centers, which can advocate for healthier eating.


Overall, obesity in the U.S. has increased from 26.2 percent in 2012 to 27.1 percent in 2013; the obesity rate was 25.5 percent in 2008.The most obese states also had the highest rates of chronic disease. The report showed that an average of 35.8 percent of Americans who live in the 10 most obese states have high blood pressure and 28.2 percent of Americans who live in the 10 most obese states have high cholesterol.

The depression rate is 20.7 percent, the diabetes rate is 14.3 percent, the cancer rate is 7.8 percent and heart attack rate is 5 percent among residents in these 10 states, as well.

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